A Consise History Of Germany


Germanic warriors decisively defeated Roman forces at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest.
486
The Frankish king Clovis overran the Roman province of Gaul. Clovis introduced features of Roman life into western Germany.
843
The Treaty of Verdun divided Charlemagne's empire into three kingdoms. The German kingdom soon divided into five duchies.
962
Otto I was crowned Holy Roman emperor in Aachen.
1075
A dispute between Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII marked the beginning of a series of civil wars contesting church power.
1300s
The Hanseatic League was the supreme commercial and military power in northern Germany.
1517
Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation.
1555
The Peace of ...

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Frankfurt in the hopes of creating a more united country.
1871
Prussian prime minister Otto von Bismarck realized his dream of a united Germany as the German Empire was founded.
1918-1919
Germany was forced to accept harsh terms under the Treaty of Versailles that brought an end to World War I. The Weimar Republic was founded.
1933
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis assumed power.
1939
Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II.
1945
Allied armies occupied Germany and divided it into four zones of occupation. Nazi war criminals were tried at Nürnberg.
1949
Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany. Berlin, in East Germany, was also divided between the two countries.
1955
East Germany and West Germany became sovereign states. East Germany joined the Warsaw Pact, an Eastern European military alliance. West Germany became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a Western military alliance.
1961
The East German government built the Berlin ...

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lived about 400,000 years ago. Somewhat later more advanced forms of Homo sapiens appeared, as exemplified by skeletal finds near Steinheim, some 300,000 years old, and near Ehringsdorf, from about 100,000 years ago. Another human type was the Neandertal, found near Düsseldorf, who lived about 100,000 years ago. The most recent type, which appeared by 40,000 BC, was the Cro-Magnon, a member of Homo sapiens sapiens, essentially of the same group as modern Europeans.
During the New Stone Age, the indigenous hunters encountered farming peoples from the more advanced southwest Asia, who were migrating up the Danube Valley into central Germany about 4500 BC. These populations mixed and settled ...

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Added: 2/6/2004 03:51:52 PM
Category: World History
Words: 4697
Pages: 18

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