Acid Rain


is rain that is more acidic than normal. is a complicated problem. Primarily caused by air pollution, 's spread and damage involves weather, chemistry, soil, and the life cycles of plants and animals on the land and in lakes and streams. This form of air pollution is currently a subject of great controversy because of its worldwide environmental damages. For the last ten years, this problem has brought destruction to thousands of lakes and streams in the United States, Canada, and parts of Europe.
Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of . Power plants and factories burn coal and oil. Power plants use that coal and oil to ...

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acid and nitric acid. Sunlight increases the rate of most of these reactions. Rainwater, snow, fog, and other forms of precipitation containing those mild solutions of sulfuric and nitric acids fall to the earth as .
Water moves through every living plant and animal, streams, lakes, and oceans in the hydrologic cycle. In that cycle, water evaporates from the land and sea into the atmosphere. Water in the atmosphere then condenses to form clouds. Clouds release the water back to the earth as rain, snow, or fog. When water droplets fall to the earth they pick up particles and chemicals that float in the air. Even clean, unpolluted air has some particles such as dust or pollen. Clean air also contains naturally occurring gases such as carbon dioxide. The interaction between the water droplets and the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and also from chlorine, which comes from the salt in the sea, gives rain an average pH of about 5.6. This can make even clean rain slightly ...

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smokestacks. At that time, people thought that if the pollution were sent high into the air it would no longer be a problem. Scientists now know that this is incorrect. Sending pollution high into the sky increases the time that the pollution stays in the air. The longer the pollution is in the air, the greater are the chances that the pollutants will form . In addition, the wind can carry these pollutants for hundreds of miles before they become joined with water droplets to form . For that reason, can also be a problem in areas far from the polluting smokestacks. Dry deposition is usually greater near cities and industrial areas where the pollutants are frequently sent into the ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/4/2008 03:38:16 PM
Category: Science & Nature
Words: 2433
Pages: 9

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