Air Planes During Ww1


On December 17, 1903, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright made the world's first successful flights in a heavier-than-air
craft under power and control. The airplane had been designed, constructed, and
flown by them, each brother making two flights that day. The longest, by
Wilbur, extended to a distance of 260 m (852 ft) in 59 sec. The next year,
continuing the development of their design and improving their skill as pilots,
the brothers made 105 flights, the longest lasting more than 5 min. The
following year, their best flight was 38.9 km (24.2 mi) in 38 min 3 sec. All
these flights were in open country, the longest involving numerous turns,
usually ...

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and powered with a Levavasseur 40-hp Antoinette engine. The airplane
resembled a large box kite, with a smaller box at the front end of a long,
cloth-covered frame. The engine and propeller were at the rear, and the pilot
stood in a basket just forward of the main rear wing. Not until near the end of
1907 did anyone in Europe fly for 1 min; Henri Farman did so in an airplane
built by Voisin.
In great contrast were the flights of the Wright brothers. Orville, in the U.S.,
demonstrated a Flyer for the Army Signal Corps at Fort Myer, Virginia,
beginning September 3, 1908. On September 9 he completed the world's first
flight of more than one hour and, also for the first time, carried a passenger,
Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm, for a 6-min 24-sec flight. These demonstrations were
interrupted on September 17, when the airplane crashed, injuring Orville and
his passenger, Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge, who died hours later from a
concussion. Selfridge was the first person to ...

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distance of 1552 m
(5090 ft) in 1 min 42.5 sec., winning the first American award, the Scientific
American Trophy, given for an airplane flight. At Reims, France, on August 28,
1909, Curtiss won the first international speed event, at about 75.6 km/hr (47
mph). On May 29, 1910, he won the New York World prize of $10,000 for the
first flight from Albany, New York, to New York City. In August of that year
he flew along the shore of Lake Erie, from Cleveland, Ohio, to Sandusky, Ohio,
and back. In January 1911 he became the first American to develop and fly a
seaplane. The first successful seaplane had been made and flown by Henri
Fabre, of France, on March 28, 1910.
The pioneer ...

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Added: 11/22/2007 07:56:31 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1777
Pages: 7

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