Albert Einstein And His Theories



Einstein, Albert (1879-1955), German-born American physicist and Nobel
laureate, best known as the creator of the special and general theories of
relativity and for his bold hypothesis concerning the particle nature of light.
He is perhaps the most well-known scientist of the 20th century.
Einstein was born in Ulm on March 14, 1879, and spent his youth in
Munich, where his family owned a small shop that manufactured electric machinery.
He did not talk until the age of three, but even as a youth he showed a
brilliant curiosity about nature and an ability to understand difficult
mathematical concepts. At the age of 12 he taught himself Euclidean geometry.
Einstein hated the ...

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there.
He often cut classes and used the time to study physics on his own or to play
his beloved violin. He passed his examinations and graduated in 1900 by studying
the notes of a classmate. His professors did not think highly of him and would
not recommend him for a university position.
For two years Einstein worked as a tutor and substitute teacher. In 1902
he secured a position as an examiner in the Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1903
he married Mileva Mariç, who had been his classmate at the polytechnic. They had
two sons but eventually divorced. Einstein later remarried.

Early Scientific Publications

In 1905 Einstein received his doctorate from the University of Zürich
for a theoretical dissertation on the dimensions of molecules, and he also
published three theoretical papers of central importance to the development of
20th-century physics. In the first of these papers, on Brownian motion, he made
significant predictions about the motion of particles ...

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few
physicists understood or were sympathetic to these ideas.

Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity

Einstein's third major paper in 1905, "On the Electrodynamics of Moving
Bodies," contained what became known as the special theory of relativity. Since
the time of the English mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton, natural
philosophers (as physicists and chemists were known) had been trying to
understand the nature of matter and radiation, and how they interacted in some
unified world picture. The position that mechanical laws are fundamental has
become known as the mechanical world view, and the position that electrical laws
are fundamental has become known as the ...

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Added: 5/1/2006 02:18:40 AM
Category: Biographies
Words: 1938
Pages: 8

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