Appalacian Regional Commission & Poverty In Appalachia


THE APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION
By Brent M. Pergram, Master of Arts in Sociology
I. INTRODUCTION
Appalachia, as defined in the legislation from which the Appalachian Region Commission derives its authority, is a 200,000 square mile region that follows the spine of the Appalachian Mountains from south New York to northern Mississippi. Appalachia includes all of West Virginia and parts of twelve other states, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
Almost 22 million people live in the 406 counties of the Appalachian Region, with 42% of the regions population being rural, compared with 20% ...

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Region).
The main federal organization created to deal with Appalachian poverty was the Appalachian Regional Commission. The ARC’s mission is to be an advocate for and partner with the people of Appalachia to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life.
The Appalachian Regional Commission was established by Congress in 1965 to support economic and social development in the Appalachian region. The Commission is a unique partnership composed of the governors of the 13 Appalachian states, and a presidential appointee representing the federal government. Grass roots participation is provided through local development districts- multi-county organizations with boards made up of elected officials, business people, and other leaders in the local communities.
ARC undertakes projects that address the five goals identified by ARC in its strategic plan:
1. Developing a knowledgeable and skilled population; 2. Strengthening the region’s ...

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The highway system is complemented by access roads that link the system to industrial and commercial sites.
The area development category provides funding for most ARC non-highway projects, such as education, water and sewer systems, and health care. The aim of all these projects is progress by people toward economic security and a better quality of life.
Primary care clinics built by the ARC have put modern health care within a 30 minute drive of every Appalachian adult and child. A network of vocational schools and technical and junior colleges has given thousands of Appalachians relevant skills for today’s job market. Modern sewer systems for industry have helped to create ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/15/2004 06:03:59 AM
Category: Political Science
Words: 16539
Pages: 61

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