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Arab-Israeli Conflicts - Term Papers

Arab-Israeli Conflicts


Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the
establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have
been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and
1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and
Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel
and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands
of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s.

THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49)

The first war began as a civil conflict between Palestinian
Jews and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of
Nov. 29, 1947, to partition Palestine, then still under
British mandate, into an Arab state and a Jewish ...

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and Jerusalem. British military
forces withdrew to Haifa; although officially neutral, some
commanders assisted one side or the other.

After the British had departed and the state of Israel had been
established on May 15, 1948, under the premiership of David
BEN-GURION, the Palestine Arab forces and foreign volunteers
were joined by regular armies of Transjordan (now the kingdom
of JORDAN), IRAQ, LEBANON, and SYRIA, with token support from
SAUDI ARABIA. Efforts by the UN to halt the fighting were
unsuccessful until June 11, when a 4-week truce was declared.
When the Arab states refused to renew the truce, ten more days
of fighting erupted. In that time Israel greatly extended the
area under its control and broke the siege of Jerusalem.
Fighting on a smaller scale continued during the second UN
truce beginning in mid-July, and Israel acquired more
territory, especially in Galilee and the Negev. By January
1949, when the last battles ended, Israel ...

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and a joint military campaign was planned
against Egypt with the understanding that Israel would take the
initiative by seizing the Sinai Peninsula. The war began on
Oct. 29, 1956, after an announcement that the armies of Egypt,
Syria, and Jordan were to be integrated under the Egyptian
commander in chief. Israel's Operation Kadesh, commanded by
Moshe DAYAN, lasted less than a week; its forces reached the
eastern bank of the Suez Canal in about 100 hours, seizing the
Gaza Strip and nearly all the Sinai Peninsula. The Sinai
operations were supplemented by an Anglo-French invasion of
Egypt on November 5, giving the allies control of the northern
sector of the ...

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Arab-Israeli Conflicts. (2006, October 6). Retrieved September 28, 2023, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Arab-Israeli-Conflicts/53490
"Arab-Israeli Conflicts." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 6 Oct. 2006. Web. 28 Sep. 2023. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Arab-Israeli-Conflicts/53490>
"Arab-Israeli Conflicts." Essayworld.com. October 6, 2006. Accessed September 28, 2023. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Arab-Israeli-Conflicts/53490.
"Arab-Israeli Conflicts." Essayworld.com. October 6, 2006. Accessed September 28, 2023. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Arab-Israeli-Conflicts/53490.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/6/2006 03:30:58 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1612
Pages: 6

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