Black Civil Rights


The quest for equality by black Americans played a central role in the struggle for civil rights in the 1960s. Stemming from an effort dating back to the Civil War and Reconstruction, the black movement had gained more momentum by the mid-twentieth century. African Americans continued to press forward for more equality through peaceful demonstrations and protests. But change came slowly indeed. Rigid segregation of public accommodations remained the ruled in the South. In the North, urban ghettos grew, as the growth of blacks grew. Crowded public housing, poor schools, and limited economic opportunities fostered serious discontent. In the North and South alike, consciousness of the need ...

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State College, applied to the all-white University of Mississippi and rejected on racial grounds. Suing to gain admission, he carried his case to the Supreme Court. An even more violent confrontation began in April 1963, in Birmingham, Alabama, where local black leaders encouraged Martin Luther King,Jr., to launch another attack on the southern segregation. Forty percent black, the city was rigidly segregated along racial and class lines. "We believed that while a campaign in Birmingham would surly be the toughest fight of our civil rights careers, King later explained, "it could, if successful, break the back of segregation all over the nation." Though the demonstrations were nonviolent, the responses were not. City officials declared that protest marches violated city regulations against parading without a license, and, over a five-week period, they arrested 2,200 blacks, some of them schoolchildren. As the media recorded events, Americans watching television and reading ...

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"Black Civil Rights." Essayworld.com. January 14, 2006. Accessed January 21, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Black-Civil-Rights/39603.
"Black Civil Rights." Essayworld.com. January 14, 2006. Accessed January 21, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Black-Civil-Rights/39603.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/14/2006 08:54:46 AM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 499
Pages: 2

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