California Welfare Reform

In 1996, the Federal government proposed a Welfare Reform package known as Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). This replaced a welfare package that had existed since 1935, known as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC.) With the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and TANF, AFDC's income maintenance program was replaced with a model meant to move parents into the workforce. The Welfare to Work Act of 1997, AB 1542, established welfare reform in California. The new program was restructured so that welfare would be a temporary support for times of crisis, rather than a way life. The Welfare to Work Act is supposed to encourage ...

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had a more challenging task ahead than most other states. In many ways will be one of the most difficult to manage in the country because the population is by far the largest and most diverse. The welfare caseloads reflect that diversity. Nationwide, Latinos make up 24.5% of the TANF caseload, but in California, the represent 46.4 percent of the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) caseload. In addition, Asians comprise 9.8 percent of the CalWORKs caseload, nearly three times the national average of 3.6 percent. Two-parent families represent 10.9 percent of California's caseload, considerably higher than the national average of 4.7 percent. California is home to more low-income families than any other state in the nation and the state's poverty rate remains significantly above that of the nation (13.8 percent as compared to 11.8 percent in 1999). (Breslin, 2001) This is shown by the fact that Los Angeles County alone has a larger CalWORKs caseload than ...

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effort to reach out to the poor. (Allen, 1999) Newspapers and welfare watchdogs cite scattered reports of families resorting to soup kitchens or abandoning their children to protective agencies. This may be caused by several factors including decreased levels of economic support and increased behavioral expectations of parents. These new economic and social conditions could lessen the likelihood of family reunification and preservation. The possibilities of positive reform-related effects have also been considered, but little emphasized except in the arena of service innovation using welfare dollars for child welfare purposes. The mechanisms by which these effects could occur have ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 7/25/2015 04:15:10 AM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1593
Pages: 6

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SIMILAR ESSAYS
Welfare Reform
Welfare Reform: A Matter Of Jus...
Welfare Reform
The Welfare System
The Welfare System Must Remain
Welfare Reformation
The Transition Of Power From Pr...
From Welfare To Workfare
Social Welfare And Its Effects
Women And The Canadian Welfare ...
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