Collective Farms Of The Soviet Union



The Soviet kolhoz, the term for a collective farm owned by all of
its members, was a model of the inefficiency and tyranny of Joseph Stalin,
their originator. Introduced as a way to industrialize Russia, they
alternated between being a great success and being a utterly complete
failure. Although Stalin's plans did in the end industrialize Russia, the
costs were unjustifiable. An entire class of people was eliminated and
famine was wrought on an entire republic.
Stalin, who took control of the Communist Party after the death of
Lenin in 1924, believed that the only way to create a powerful nation to
rival capitalist countries was through industrialization. Basically, this
meant the ...

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communism could would and should exist in the pre revolutionary way of
life.
Before Stalin came to power, the communist party for the most part
agreed that industrialization was necessary, however different sects of the
Bolsheviks were in disagreement about how this change should come about.
Buhkarin, the spokesman for the right wing Bolsheviks, warned against
antagonizing the peasants, for fear of losing their peasant followers, who
were already low in number. However, they were never viewed as a real
threat, so long as their material needs were met. Buhkarin's approach would
encourage higher production with incentives such as higher farm incomes and
offering a greater selection of consumer goods. The state would sell the
new surplus and use it to purchase capital for factories and farm
mechanization. The profit from these new work tools would be used
recursively to purchase still more capital, yielding higher production, and
greater profits. This new booming ...

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estates had provided the food on a large scale. In splitting up the
large estates into tiny plots, the government had succeeded in winning
support during the revolution, but made the land less productive.
Now that the small families that previously worked he land owned
the land, the output wasn't as great as that of before the revolution. The
farms only produced enough to feed their owners. Stalin greatly increased
the rate of collectivization in order to combat the famines maintaining
that the best way to raise agricultural output was to seize land from the
peasants and organize it into the centrally managed collective farms.
Day to day life on the kokhoz wasn't ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/13/2005 03:20:26 AM
Category: Economics
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1866
Pages: 7

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