The Communist Manifesto And Karl Marx And Frederick Engels



In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their
view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic
factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the
economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and
Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the
human mind.
Marx states that history "...is the history of class struggles" (9).
Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the
source of class differences. History is described in The Communist Manifesto
as a series of conflicts between oppressing classes and oppressed ...

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classes" (Marx 9).
Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by
the simplification and intensification of the class conflict. He states that
"Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile
camps... bourgeoisie and proletariat" (Marx 9). The bourgeoisie, as the
dominant class of capitalists, subjugates the proletariat by using it as an
object for the expansion of capital. As capitalism progresses, this
subjugation reduces a larger portion of the population to the proletariat and
society becomes more polarized.
According to Marx, the polarization of society and the intense
oppression of the proletariat will eventually lead to a revolution by the
proletariat, in which the control of the bourgeoisie will be destroyed. The
proletariat will then gain control of the means of production. This revolution
will result in the creation of a socialist state, which the proletariat will
use to institute socialist reforms and ...

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Added: 5/14/2004 07:36:18 AM
Category: English
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1224
Pages: 5

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