Constitutional Rights Of Those Accused of Crimes

1. What constitutional rights do those accused of crimes have? Does the constitution provide the right to privacy? Discuss the First Amendment principle of separation of church and state. An individual's rights are not considered protected, unless those accused of crimes receive what we know as due process of law. The rights of the accused are established in the Bill of Rights. The founders of the United States sought to protect the civil rights of the accused by a fair and just process. The Constitution's Bill of Rights defines a number of rights afforded to those charged with crimes. The foundation for these rights is the belief that all individuals are innocent until proven ...

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or confessions inadmissible in court.

* Adequate representation is a right given to the accused. If an attorney cannot be afforded, the court will provide legal council at no cost.

* An individual may not be tried for the same crime twice.

* Serious crimes must be indicted by a grand jury.

* The accused has the right to know what the charges are and to confront witnesses testifying against them. A defendant also has the option to gather their evidence and witnesses.

* If desired, a defendant has a right to a public and speedy trial by jury.

* Any evidence gathered unlawfully, a judge must not allow to be admitted as evidence in court. This protects the right of the defendant to be free of unreasonable search and seizures. A warrant must be obtained by law enforcement before searching private property for evidence.

The Constitution does not directly mention a right to privacy, though the Supreme Court has identified the right to privacy as a basic human ...

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Added: 4/6/2012 01:17:36 AM
Submitted By: college01
Category: Government
Words: 792
Pages: 3

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