A Country's Actions And The Most Important Factor From A Domestic Perspective



In analyzing and evaluating a country's actions in tense international situations, what is the most important factor (or set of factors) to evaluate from the domestic perspective?
Foreign policy decision making is very complex in the American government. There are three models that the United States uses in making decisions regarding foreign policy. These three models were first used during President Kennedy's administration in 1962 with the Cuban Missile Crisis. The first model is known as the rational decision making model. It, like all of the models, was first started by Graham Allison. In this model, the decision makers must understand US government and must have an understanding of ...

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goals and constraints, standard operating procedures, and budget effects. The third and final model is known as the governmental politics model. This model is made up of different decision makers, leadership is not just monophonic, and there are many different individuals that need to be taken into consideration. This model focuses on individual characteristics (background, core beliefs and degree of influence within the government).
The Cuban Missile Crisis, which took place on October 1962, was in many ways a turning point in US foreign policy and how the US government deals with outside threats like the Soviet Union and Cuba. On Sunday October 14, 1962 Pentagon Satellites sent back the first pictures of ground preparations in Cuba of nuclear missile sites. The very next day President Kennedy went on American television to the Russians and the whole world and spoke of the threat posed by the Cuban missiles. Over the next two weeks, Kennedy and Khrushchev, the communist ...

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the USSR would remove its missiles from Cuba if the United States would remove its missiles from Turkey. However, Kennedy chose to ignore the official latter and read the unofficial letter to the United Nations and responded to it. This worked along with the quarantine and finally in early November the Soviet Union removes its missiles from Cuba.
Each one of the three decision making models are good ways of dealing with Cuba and the Soviet Union. If the United States had used the rational decision making process, the US must have assured that the Soviet actions were part of a deliberate plan and then rank the options on how to respond. The response options were to do nothing, use ...

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Added: 2/7/2004 07:08:29 PM
Category: Government
Words: 1633
Pages: 6

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