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Durham Cathedral - College Paper

Durham Cathedral


Throughout the world, there are many churches, cathedrals, and basilicas; however, of these the best known are most likely the cathedrals. The word cathedral comes from the Latin “cathedra,” which means “chair.” This is because cathedrals are churches that hold the chair of the Bishop. England houses some of the most famous, wondrous cathedrals ever built.
is located in Durham County, England. (See Appendix A) The Cathedral exceeds all other sacred edifices in England in the beauty of its situation; and although not so large as others, its magnificence is surpassed by none. occupies the summit of a lofty peninsula enclosed by the river Wear, which at that point makes so sweeping a ...

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the cathedral shortly after their victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The Norman prince bishop William St. Carileph, who had been exiled to France for some time, razed the older Anglo-Saxon church upon his return to Durham in 1092 to make way for the building of the cathedral that stands today. The cathedral itself was built fairly quickly. Construction began in 1093 and was completed in large part, as Bishop William had planned it, by 1133, with the two western towers added in 1217-1222.
When Richard le Poore, former Bishop of Salisbury, became Bishop of Durham in 1228, the east chapel was in bad shape, so he began the construction that replaced it with the present Chapel of Nine Alters (See Appendix B). By the time Thomas Langley came to the diocese helm in 1406, the western end of the cathedral was in danger of slipping down the steep hill and into the river, due to the shallow foundations originally laid. As a consequence the buttresses that stand today were put in ...

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near the River Tyne. His bones were brought to Durham from the ruins of Jarrow monastery in 1020 AD. On Bede’s tomb is inscribed the following words in Latin: “Haec sunt in fossa Baedae Venerabilis Ossa',” which means “in this tomb are Bede’s bones.” Legend has it that the writer of this poetic epitaph was inspired to use the word “venerable” by an angel who told him how to complete the rhyme. The inscription dates from 1830. The Galilee chapel is also known as the Lady Chapel as it was once the only part of the cathedral that could be entered by women according to the rules of the Benedictine order of monks. ( Homepage)
In medieval times , reconstituted as the Cathedral Church of ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 9/26/2008 07:09:56 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1412
Pages: 6

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