Economic Policies Of Lenin And


Both Lenin and Stalin adopted well-structured economic policies in order to build their country into a well-established and powerful state"
Both Lenin and Stalin had enormous power to change Russia as the leaders of the 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat'; the question is how did they succeed in giving economic power to Russian people.
The first solid economic policy instituted in Russia after the abdication of the Tsar and the overthrow of Kerensky's Provisional Government was Lenin's policy of War Communism. War Communism was not a policy designed to promote economic stability in Russia. Russia was in civil war and war communism was a policy designed to get food to the soldiers fighting ...

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The Bolshevik party forcibly seized all surplus grain from the peasants causing resistance from peasants by hiding grain and not producing more than was needed for themselves - Russia had gone back to subsistence farming. This lead to a drop in production with some historians claiming that by 1921 there was more than a 60% percent drop in agricultural productivity since pre-war Russia. The peasant reaction is justified considering that some historians estimate well over 5 million peasants were killed during the grain requisitions. In the cities factories were taken over by the state and the state commissioned managers to run the factories - the Bolsheviks felt that loyalty to the Bolshevik party and Communism was more important than competency. As a result there were staggering drops in industrial production especially in fossil fuels. Oil production dropped from 9.2 million tons in 1913 to 3.8 million in 1921 under war communism. Coal production dropped a massive 67% from ...

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smooth as possible. I think that the New Economic Policy was Lenin putting the brakes on the communist revolution, even if only for a while. There were two things that needed to be done urgently in Russia. Firstly, the populous needed to be calmed down and made happy because not even the mighty Lenin would be able to stop the people of Russia if they had a third revolution. The policy was employed to ensure the survival of the Bolshevik Party. Secondly, the economy needed to recover to some extent if the Bolsheviks wanted to industrialise Russia, which I believe they did want to do in order to compete with the west and capitalism. The transition from a command economy to a slightly ...

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Added: 6/12/2006 02:50:57 AM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1603
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