Elitists In Democracy


Democracy is defined as the principles of social equality and respect for the individual within a community. The principles, social equality and respect, have are lacking from the individuals of both Argentina and Brazil, and primarily remain within the confines of a restricted oligarchy. The landowners, the upper echelon of Argentina and Brazil is comprised of primarily white rural and urban elites, those who generated wealth primarily from the export of agriculture, and those with prospering domestic and/or foreign businesses. The restricted groups of elites were examined by Robert Dahl in the statement “that the most favorable path to democracy has been one in which political ...

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oligarchy revolved around the Conservative Party, and “they were convinced that only the upper class was capable of governing (Snow, pg. 14).” The conservatives restricted suffrage, and condoned fraudulent elections, making it virtually impossible for the masses to gain political power. By the end of the nineteenth century, the conservatives found it increasingly difficult to triumph in an election; they had gone from being virtuously unopposed, to loosing elections at an increasingly steady rate. The oligarchy was further weakened in 1911, by the passing of new election laws, which minimized their monopoly on political office by granting men political suffrage and instituting secret ballot voting. Following the Great Depression of 1929, the conservatives collaborated with military forces, and comprised the 1930 coup against the radicals and President Yrigoyen, on the grounds that his government was illegitimate. Prior to 1930, Argentina entertained ...

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the political philosophy of populism, which opposes the concentration of power, in the hands of corporations, the government, and the rich. Menem was elected on the basis of these attributes, but demonstrated early in his Presidential career that he was going to do the opposite what he had promised, he was neoconservative. The labor unions typically protected and broadened by Peronism, suffered through great losses during the Menem administration. He “used their finances and organizational network in his presidential bid but, once in office, quickly proceeded to emasculate their power (Snow, pg. 50).” The political right, the elites, were appointed to important political posts, and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/4/2004 08:07:44 AM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1352
Pages: 5

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