The Employment Equity Act: A Short Paper Evaluating The Success Of The Act.



Canada has a population of approximately twenty six million people.
With the introduction of the federal government's multicultualism program, the
social demographic make up of Canada is quite vast, bringing together people
from many different nations to join those already living here. Taking the
population as a whole into account, it is no secret that historically, certain
members of this social order have been denied fair access to employment system.
The federal and provincial governments had undertaken steps to address the issue
through a wide range of programs such as equal employment and other affirmative
action programs to "promote equal opportunity in the public service for ...

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women, visible minorities, the handicapped and
native peoples were being denied the full benefits of employment." Based on
the findings of the Abella Commission, the federal government implemented "The
Employment Equity Act" in 1986. This short paper will evaluate the success of
the "Act" and will argue that although some progress has been made, the Canadian
Labour force still does not reflect the demographic composition of Canada as the
Act had targeted.
For the purposes of implementing Employment Equity, certain individuals
or groups who are at an employment disadvantage are designated to benefit from
Employment Equity. The Employment Equity Act describes the designated groups as
"women, aboriginal peoples; Indians, Inuit or Metis, who so identify themselves
to their employer, or agree to be so identified by an employer, for the purposes
of the Employment Equity Act. Persons with disabilities; are people who,
because of any persistent physical, mental, psychiatric, ...

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The
underrepresentation of women in federal Crown Corporations are clearly evident
in the two charts indicated below. According to the 1981 census, women were at
a disadvantage in a number of ways. In comparison to men, women have higher
unemployment rates, lower participation rates and are concentrated in lower
paying jobs, regardless of their level of education.

Company Men Women % of Women
CN 71,369 4,434 5.9
Air Canada 14,867 6,073 29.6
CBC 8,015 3,094 27
Atomic Energy Canada 5,000 778 13.5
Cape ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/2/2004 09:57:58 PM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2197
Pages: 8

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