Family Violence and Child Abuse

This essay is concerned with the possible individual predisposing factors that are relevant to child abuse. An outline of those individual predisposing factors will be provided and explained according to different theoretical perspectives. An in-depth definition of family violence and child abuse will be discussed, as well as the precipitating factors that contributes to child maltreatment.
Family violence also known as domestic violence can be defined as any abusive, forceful, violent, coercive or threatening act or word inflicted by one member of a family or household onto another (www.thefreedictionary.com). Family violence is a broader definition often used to include child abuse, ...

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abuse is suggested to be multiple acts of aggression that includes shacking, beating, burning, kicking, biting, punching, or otherwise physically harming the child (Mash & Wolfe, 2010).
Emotional abuse includes continual acts or omissions by the parent or caregiver that could cause or have caused cognitive, emotional, serious behavioural, or mental disorder (Mash & Wolfe, 2010). According to Orton, children who are physically neglected and abused are emotionally abused to some extent. However, because psychological and emotional abuse leaves no physical marks on the child it often goes undetected. Some examples of emotional abuse / maltreatment include verbal abuse such as demeaning, denigrating the child, ridiculing and placing the child in situations of constant fear, terror or threat (Orton, 1996).
Sexual abuse is defined in Orton’s book by Kempe (1980, p198) as “the involvement of dependent, developmental immature children and adolescents in sexual activities they do not ...

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1996).
The predisposing factors of Browne’s ecological model of child maltreatment are the Individual, Familial, Social and Cultural factors. With regard to the individual predisposing factor, Brown suggests that it is the characteristics that the child-victim and the parent have as a result of their psychological and physical attributes and their unique life histories. The characteristics of the parent that is related to incidents of child maltreatment are poor self-esteem and self-concept, lack of parenting skills and or a lack of knowledge about child development, as well as a history of being abused as a child (Browne, 1988). Another individual predisposing factor is that there is ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 4/15/2012 09:10:52 PM
Submitted By: diva1992
Category: Psychology
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1994
Pages: 8

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