Fascism And Its Political Ideas



Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first
arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a
response to the rapid social upheaval, the devastation of World War I, and
the Bolshevik Revolution. Fascism is a philosophy or a system of government
the advocates or exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right, typically
through the merging of state and business leadership, together with an
ideology of aggressive nationalism. Celebrating the nation or the race as
an organic community surpassing all other loyalties. This right-wing
philosophy will even advocate violent action to maintain this loyalty which
is held in such high regards. Fascism approaches ...

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can be traced to the philosophers who
argue that the will is prior to and superior to the intellect or reason.
George Sorel, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Georg Hegal are main philosophers
who’s beliefs and ideologies greatly influenced the shaping of Fascist
theory. Sorel (1847-1922) was a French social philosopher who had a major
influence on Mussolini. Sorel believed that societies naturally became
decadent and disorganized. This decay could only be slowed by the
leadership of idealists who were willing to use violence to obtain power.
Nietzsche (1844-1900) theorized that there were two moral codes: the
ruling class ( master morality) and the oppressed class (slave morality).
Nietzsche believed the ancient empires were developed from the master
majority and the religious ideas and views grew out the slave majority.
The idea of the "overman" or superman which symbolized man at his most
creative and highest intellectual capacity was brought about by Nietzsche
as well. Hegal believed ...

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obedience. Adolf
Hitler established his own personal ideology, Mein Kampf, which means My
Struggle. The book was written while Hitler was in prison and not yet in
power. Mussolini fashioned his ideology after he took control of Italy.
Despite their two different angles on the use of Fascism Hitler and
Mussolini both worked similarly on how they established their principles
in the same basic manner. Their principles came from basic responses to
various issues the leaders faced.
Fascism is an authoritarian political movement that developed in
Italy and other European countries after 1919 as a reaction against the
profound political and social changes brought about from inflation, ...

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Added: 10/17/2005 10:54:14 PM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2314
Pages: 9

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