French Revolution 3


French Revolution, cataclysmic political and social upheaval, extending from 1789 to 1799. The revolution resulted, among other things, in the overthrow of the monarchy in France and in the establishment of the First Republic. It was generated by a vast complex of causes and produced an equally vast complex of consequences.
For more than a century before the accession of King Louis XVI in 1774, the French government experienced periodic economic crises resulting from wars, royal mismanagement, and increased indebtedness. Attempts at reform accomplished little because of opposition from reactionary members of the nobility and clergy. As the financial crisis worsened under the rule of Louis, ...

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intentions to draft a constitution. Some representatives of the nobility and clergy joined forces with the assembly, which soon renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly.
When Louis, reacting to pressure from the queen and others, concentrated loyal regiments in Paris and Versailles, the people of Paris reacted with open insurrection, storming the Bastille prison on July 14. The Parisian middle class, or bourgeoisie, fearful that the lower classes would seize power, hastily established a local provisional government and organized a people's militia, a pattern soon repeated throughout the nation. In October, as the Constituent Assembly proceeded to draft a constitution, a large body of Parisians marched on Versailles. Louis and his family then moved to Paris, where the court and the assembly became increasingly subject to pressures from the citizens of Paris.
The first draft of the constitution received the king's approval in July 1790. By the terms of the document, the ...

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Added: 11/6/2008 05:38:56 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1117
Pages: 5

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