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History Of The Internet - College Essay

History Of The Internet


The year is 1957 and the USSR has just launched the first artificial earth satellite. In response America launches the Advanced Research Projects
Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense (DOD) to create America’s
lead in science and technology. The Internet had its humble beginnings here,
within ARPA’s many projects.
The Internet has become one of the key symbols of today’s pop culture:
everything has a “dot com” address; people do not say “call me,” but instead its
“I’ll E-mail you;” and the new word on the stock market is “E-business.” The
Internet has not always been such a key figure in American life; in fact it was
mostly unheard of until recently.
The theory for the ...

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the obvious solution is to
“chop” the information up into smaller pieces and then transmit the smaller
pieces2. Then another problem was realized, how does the computer know
where to put these small bits of information? The solution to that was what has
come to be known as packet-switching (PS). In PS, the entire document is sent
in a bunch of tiny “packets,” these packets contain the information of the
document “wrapped” in its placement on the page. The receiving computer then
sends a message back to the transmitting computer telling it which packets were
corrupted or missing and the transmitting computer then re-sends the lost
information3.
The next problem that the Internet faced was first discovered at the
ARPA’s networking project, ARPAnet. Since it was militarily connected, the
leaders of ARPAnet wanted a way that information could be moved between two
computers without requiring a direct connection in case the direct link between
two computers failed (was ...

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and installed on
August 30, 1969. It was the Network Measurement center and ran on the SDS
SIGMA7 operating system. The second node was setup on October 1, 1969, at
Stanford Research Institute. It was the Network Information Center (NIC) and
ran on the SDS940/Genie operating system. Node three was installed
November 1, 1969, at University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). It served
as the mathematical engine for the network and ran on the IBM 360/75 operating
system. The fourth, and final, node of the ARPAnet was put at University of
Utah in December. This computer ran the graphics for the ARPAnet, and ran on
the DEC PDP-10 operating system6. The connecting of these ...

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History Of The Internet. (2006, April 13). Retrieved June 21, 2024, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/History-Of-The-Internet/44322
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"History Of The Internet." Essayworld.com. April 13, 2006. Accessed June 21, 2024. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/History-Of-The-Internet/44322.
"History Of The Internet." Essayworld.com. April 13, 2006. Accessed June 21, 2024. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/History-Of-The-Internet/44322.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 4/13/2006 09:21:17 AM
Category: Technology
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1398
Pages: 6

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