Home School


Before the beginning of American public schools in the mid-19th century, ing was the norm. Founding father John Adams encouraged his spouse to educate their children while he was on diplomatic missions (Clark, 1994). By the 1840's instruction books for the home were becoming popular in the United States and Britain. The difficulty of traveling to the system of community schools was provoking detractors. At this time, most of the country began moving toward public schools (Clark, 1994). One of the first things early pioneers did was set aside a plot of land to build a school house and try to recruit the most educated resident to be the schoolmarm. This led to recruiting of graduates Eastern ...

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good over individualism (Clark, 1994). Massachusetts enacted the first such laws in 1852 requiring children ages 8-14 to be at school at least 12 weeks a year unless they were too poor. The laws proved to be effective, from 1870-1898 the number of children enrolling in the public schools outpaced the population growth. Except for certain religious sects and correspondence schools ing remained limited for most of the 20th century. During the 1960's the hippie counterculture exploded into the scene. This culture led a revolt against the education establishment. Thousands of young Americans began dropping out of society and going back to the land to live on communes that generated the modern ing movement. Twenty years ago, many states did not allow ing. Constitutional protection has always been uncertain. The U.S. Supreme Court has never explicitly ruled on ing. Although in 1972, in Wisconsin v. Yoder, the Court did restrict compulsory school requirements in a limited ruling ...

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parents and school official's evidence increasing inflexibility, the statues play a central role in the battle over the education of the child. A secondary role is played by the courts which, in resolving the disputes between parents and the schools, must interpret and test the statutes (Chiusano 1996). Parents who are being prosecuted for instructing their children at home are attacking compulsory school attendance statues on constitutional grounds. Although no case dealing specifically with home instruction has yet reached the Supreme Court, the increased activism of the movement may produce a ruling in the near future (Lines, 1996). Constitutional challenges have been based on the ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 7/27/2006 12:24:06 PM
Category: Political Science
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1640
Pages: 6

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