Jack London 2


Jack London was born John Griffiths Chaney and changed his name for unknown reasons. He was born on January 12, 1876 in San Francisco. His mother, Flora Wellman, was unmarried and of wealthy background. His father may have been William Chaney. Chaney was a journalist, lawyer, and a major figure in the development of American astrology. During his childhood his parents weren't there for him and he was looked after by an ex-slave, Virginia Prentiss (Memmie Jennie). London dropped out of school at the age of fourteen, and worked at a series of low-paying sweatshops until he was sixteen.
In 1894, during America's worst depression of his time, London traveled across the United States and ...

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worker. He studied other writers and began to submit stories, jokes, and poems to various publications, mostly without success. These writers he studied were Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, Rudyard Kipling, Herbert Spencer, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Karl Jung.
London went to the Klondike for hopes of digging up gold in 1897. The attempt to find gold was unsuccessful. The winter of 1897 provided the metaphorical gold for his first stories. From that point he was a highly disciplined writer, who wrote over fifty volumes of stories, novels, and political essays. London also spent the winter suffering from scurvy, and later returned to San Francisco in the spring. In 1899 London was starting to make headway in the publishing world, despite more than 250 rejections a year.
London was married to Bess Maddern in 1900, with whom he had two daughters, Joan and Bess. With her as his inspiration, he followed the precept in a book be CO-wrote with Anna Strunsky, The Kempton-Wace Letters. ...

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problems, and heartbroken about having to abandon the trip and sell the Snark, London returned to Glen Ellen and to his plans for the ranch.
In 1909, '10 and '11 he bought more land, and in 1911 moved from Glen Ellen to a small ranch house in the middle of his holdings. He rode horseback throughout the countryside, exploring every canyon, glen and hill top. And he threw himself into farming - scientific agriculture - as one of the few justifiable, basic, and idealistic ways of making a living. A significant portion of his later writing; Burning Daylight (1910), Valley of the Moon (1913), Little Lady of the Big House (1916), had to do with the simple pleasures of country life, the ...

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Added: 3/11/2006 01:48:21 PM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1366
Pages: 5

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