Japan's Invasion Of Manchuria

JAPAN'S INVASION OF MANCHURIA IN 1931 & AMERICA'S REACTION

According to Ronald E. Dolan, when Japan joined fourteen other nations in 1928 in signing the Kellogg-Briand Act which "denounced recourse to war for the solution of international controversies," it was a foregone conclusion that Japan would inevitably invade Manchuria in order to "defend its national and economic interests" in the area. 1 In response to this invasion in 1931, the League of Nations, set up after World War I through President Woodrow Wilson and the Treaty of Versailles, "issued a report condemning Japanese aggression" which prompted Japan to withdraw "from the League, thereby further heightening world tensions." ...

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invasion of Manchuria, we must first look at the events that led up to the invasion and then explore the incident itself in detail. As pointed out by Yongju Kim, the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, commonly referred to as the Manchurian Incident, ". . . was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia" which in the end "proved to be one of the causes of World War II." 3 In essence, in the spring of 1928, Chiang Kai-shek was feeling victorious as a result of his Northern Expedition into China; however, Chang Tso-lin, the "Old Marshall" of Manchuria, was the sole remaining obstacle, due to his desire for a complete reunification of China which the Japanese saw as a portent to the end of their Asian superiority. As a way of dissuading Chang from this course of action, Japanese General Giichi Tanaka advised him to trade his headquarters in Peking for Manchuria and to withdraw to the northeast where his ...

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the growing anti-Western sentiments of the Japanese people.
In Japan, the government was vigorously pushing for Chinese immigration into Manchuria which they hoped would stimulate ownership rights and increase economic development via the rich treasure house of natural resources found in Manchuria and in neighboring areas. However, some Japanese moderates in Tokyo began to consider a complete withdrawal of all forces and designs on Manchuria, but when this policy became known to the extremists in the Kwantung army, immediate plans were made for the invasion of Manchuria. In addition, the murder of Chang Tso-lin had effectively ruined all Sino-Japanese relations and between 1928 and ...

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Added: 12/20/2016 04:16:15 AM
Category: World History
Words: 2277
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