Jobs of the 18th century

Jobs of the 19[th] century

> Employment in the 19th century was primarily for those in the middle class or for the poor.

> The upper class did not work because they were aristocracy or merchants who had earned enough money to quit working.

> Jobs for the middle class and poor in the Victorian era were unsafe because there were no regulations to limit hours or to protect against hazardous materials and conditions.

Women

> Upper- and middle-class women in the 19th century did not have careers.

> Universities barred women from employment in white-collar jobs like doctors, architects or bankers.

> Women who worked had jobs such as ...

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and then up to the prized occupation of being a lady's maid who accompanied her female employer as a chaperon.


Children

> The upper classes had private tutors and governesses, while the poor had dame schools with non-professional instructors or no access to education

> Children as young as 6 labored in textile factories, in occupations such as flower girls or as rag pickers.

> Hazardous professions like chimney sweeping and mining employed children to fit into the tight spaces of chimneys and caves.

> Diseases like black lung from chimney soot or coal dust cut short the lives of these children.

Workhouses

> Workhouses were the 19th century version of welfare.

> The British government forced impoverished people into workhouses under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.

> Before this law, churches administered relief through decentralized charity in the homes of the needy.

> The ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/31/2017 04:04:44 PM
Submitted By: gabeelliott
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Free Paper
Words: 720
Pages: 3

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