Nuclear Weapons


The nuclear age opened with the development of the atomic bomb
during World War II. Many people believed that weapons capable of mass
destruction would make war unthinkable in the future. They hoped that the
world would learn to live in peace. But a race to develop ever more
powerful weapons soon began.

Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction powered by atomic
processes. Using nuclear fission or fusion, they produce huge explosions
and hazardous radioactive by products. Most are meant to be delivered by
artillery,plane, ship, or ballistic missile, but some have been
miniaturized. Tactical nuclear weapons have the power of a fraction of a
kiloton of TNT. Only two ...

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Mexico. In the final stages of World War II, the U.S.
dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and on Nagasaki three days later to force
Japan to surrender. The explosion produces great amounts of heat, a shock
wave, and intense neutron and gamma radiation. The region of the explosion
becomes radioactively contaminated, and wind-borne radioactive products may
be deposited elsewhere.

The hydrogen bombs an explosive weapon of enormous destructive
powercaused by the fusion of the nuclei of various hydrogen isotopes in the
form of helium nuclei. A hydrogen bomb is also known as a thermonuclear
bomb. The structure of the bomb is an atomic bomb is surrounded by a layer
of lithium deuteride and then by a tamper, that holds the contents together
in order to obtain a larger explosion. The first hydrogen bomb was exploded
in 1952 at Enewetak by the U.S., the second in 1953 by the USSR.

By 1933 there were nine nations known to have nuclear weapons, but
the U.S. and Russia ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/21/2003 04:31:35 AM
Category: Science & Nature
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 461
Pages: 2

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