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Oregon Trail - Online Term Papers

Oregon Trail


Overland pioneer route to the northwestern United States. About 3200 km, about 2000 mi long, the trail extended from Independence, Missouri, to the Columbia River in Oregon. Part of the route followed the Platte River for 870 km (540 mi) through what is now Nebraska to Fort Laramie in present-day Wyoming. The trail continued along the North Platte and Sweetwater rivers to South Pass in the Wind River Range of the Rocky Mountains. From there the main trail went south to Fort Bridger, Wyoming, before turning into the Bear River valley and north to Fort Hall in present-day Idaho. In Idaho the followed the Snake River to the Salmon Falls and then went north past Fort Boise (now Boise). The ...

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de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye; the Lewis and Clark Expedition, between 1804 and 1806, made more of it known. The German-American fur trader and financier John Jacob Astor, in establishing his trading posts, dispatched a party overland in 1811 to follow the trail of these explorers. Later, mountain men such as James Bridger, who founded Fort Bridger in 1843, contributed their knowledge of the trail and often acted as guides. The first emigrant wagon train, headed by the American pioneer physician Elijah White, reached Oregon in 1842. The trip took the early pioneers four to six months, a journey fraught with much hardship resulting from poor equipment, illness, and attack by the Native Americans, for whom the growing number of pioneers on the trail was an ever-constant threat. At first, the termination point of the was Oregon City, Oregon; later, settlers continued south to the fertile and valuable land in the Willamette ...

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"Oregon Trail." Essayworld.com. December 1, 2008. Accessed April 22, 2024. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Oregon-Trail/93963.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/1/2008 09:41:24 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 351
Pages: 2

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