Socrates And Descartes On Dual

Dualism means the complete separation of the mental world and the physical world. In philosophy, it is the theory that the universe is explicable only as a whole composed of two distinct and mutually exclusive factors: the mind and the body. Socrates and Plato are called dualists because they think that mind and body are separate and distinct substances. Mind is conscious and non-spatial and body is spatial but not conscious. While separate, these two substances interact. Both Socrates and Descartes argue that the mind and body are separable and immortal.
In the Phaedo, Socrates argues that the body is attached to the soul but that the soul can exist independently of it. In fact, ...

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This freedom from the body is called death. This does not mean that one should live in a state close to death, but one should not fear death.
Socrates explains that " our souls… existed apart from the body before they took on a human form" (Plato 115).
Since our souls were alive before we existed, then according to Socrates, our souls exist after death also. Souls exist in two ways after death. If a person is good and follows the practices of philosophy, then their soul will "make its way to the invisible, which like itself, the divine and immortal and wise" (Plato 120). Here it will exist free of human ills such as ignorance, confusion, and fear, and spend its time with the gods. However, if a person thinks they know what they do not know and does not follow the practices of philosophy, then their soul will wander aimlessly until it is forced to its proper dwelling place.

Descartes agrees with Plato that the mind and body are separable and infinite by using his ...

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Socrates And Descartes On Dual. (2006, February 10). Retrieved February 27, 2020, from
"Socrates And Descartes On Dual.", 10 Feb. 2006. Web. 27 Feb. 2020. <>
"Socrates And Descartes On Dual." February 10, 2006. Accessed February 27, 2020.
"Socrates And Descartes On Dual." February 10, 2006. Accessed February 27, 2020.
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Added: 2/10/2006 12:12:25 PM
Category: English
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 673
Pages: 3

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