Socrate's First Accusers And Athenian Law



Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict
between philosophy and politics. The problem remains making philosophy friendly
to politics. The questioning of authoritative opinions is not easily
accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy - the pursuit of wisdom. Socrates
was the instigator of the conflict. While the political element takes place
within opinions about political life, Socrates asks the question "What is the
best regime and how should I live?" Ancient thought is riddled with unknowns
and can make no such statement as "how should I live." The Socratic philosophy
offers an alternative and prepares the way for the alternative of absolutes.
This ...

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speaks out the accusers charges by saying
"Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome, by investigating the things under
the earth and the heavenly things, and by making the weaker the stronger and by
teaching others these things" (Plato, 19b;c). This is the charge of the "old"
accusers. It is seen from an example in "The Clouds". Strepsiades goes to
Socrates in order to learn how to pursuade his son by "making the weaker speech
the stronger" (Aristophanes, 112). Why does Socrates remind the assembly about
the old accusers? It appears improper for a man on trial to bring about his
other 'crimes'. Aristophanes, in particular, is implicated by Socrates as an
old accuser. "For you yourselves used to see these things in the comedy of
Aristophanes" (Plato, 19c). The poets helped to shape Greek culture. Poetry was
passed on and perpetuated the city where thought constantly changed.

Philosphy begins in debunking what the city thinks they know in order to refute
the god. It is evident ...

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Added: 12/2/2004 01:57:54 PM
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1084
Pages: 4

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