Software Vendors

Free in Free Software is referring to freedom, not price. Having been used in this meaning since the 80s, the first documented complete definition appears to be the GNU's Bulletin, vol. 1 no. 6 , published January 1989. In particular, four freedoms define Free Software: [1]

The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.

Placing restrictions on the use of Free Software, such as time (``30 days trial period'', ``license expires January 1st, 2004''), purpose (``permission granted for research and non-commercial use'') or an arbitrary limitation of geographic area (``must not be used in country X'') makes a program non-free.

The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it ...

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The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
Software can be copied/distributed at virtually no cost. If you are not allowed to give a program to a person in need, that makes a program non-free. This can be done for a charge, if you so choose.

The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.

Not everyone is an equally good programmer in all fields. Some people don't know how to program at all. This freedom allows those who do not have the time or skills to solve a problem to indirectly access the freedom to modify. This can be done for a charge.

These freedoms are rights, not obligations, although respecting these freedoms for society may at times oblige the individual. Any person can choose to not make use of them, but may also choose to make use of all of them. In particular, it should be understood that Free Software does not exclude commercial use. If a program ...

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unable or unwilling to purchase software, and indeed it is a common choice throughout the countries where copyright law is poorly enforced. But this places users at the mercy of the law, increasing their vulnerability to those rich and powerful enough to use it to their own advantage. Also, development organizations themselves are vulnerable to enforcement in their home countries, so they cannot support or encourage such practices.

As well as the up-front costs of software, there are usually hidden costs. Often licensing is per-user, so costs will increase with the size of the user base and inhibit growth. Support for proprietary software is almost always prohibitively expensive. ...

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"Software Vendors." Essayworld.com. April 14, 2014. Accessed August 15, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Software-Vendors/103943.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 4/14/2014 07:52:04 PM
Submitted By: kamakazi710
Category: Computers
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2628
Pages: 10

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