, a country occupying the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula,
and bounded on the north by the Bay of Biscay, France, and Andorra, and on the
east by the Mediterranean Sea. The Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the
Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa are governed as
provinces of Spain. Also, Spain administers two small exclaves in Morocco—Ceuta
and Melilla. The area of Spain, including the African and insular territories,
is 194,885 sq mi. Madrid is the capital and largest city.


The Spanish people are essentially a mixture of the indigenous peoples of the
Iberian Peninsula with the successive peoples who conquered the peninsula and
occupied ...

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and largest city is Madrid (population, greater city, 1991,
3,010,492), also the capital of Madrid autonomous region; the second largest
city, chief port, and commercial center is Barcelona, capital of Barcelona
province and Catalonia region. Other important cities include Valencia, capital
of Valencia province and Valencia region, a manufacturing and railroad center;
Seville, a cultural center; Saragossa, and Bilbao (369,839), a busy port.


Roman Catholicism is professed by about 97 percent of the population. The
country is divided into 11 metropolitan and 52 suffragan sees. In addition, the
archdioceses of Barcelona and Madrid are directly responsible to the Holy See.
Formerly, Roman Catholicism was the established church, but the 1978
constitution decreed that Spain shall have no state religion, while recognizing
the role of the Roman Catholic church in Spanish society. There are small
communities of Protestants, Jews, and Muslims.

Higher Education

Spanish ...

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shipbuilding, textile, and
mining industries. Spain derives much income from tourism. The annual budget in
the early 1990s included revenues of about $97.7 billion and expenditures of
about $128 billion. On January 1, 1986, Spain became a full member of the
European Community (now the European Union, or EU).


Agriculture is a mainstay of the Spanish economy, employing, with forestry and
fishing, about 10 percent of the labor force. The leading agricultural products,
in order of value, are grapes and olives, used to make olive oil. In the early
1990s annual production of grapes was 5.7 million metric tons and of olive oil
was 597,000 metric tons. Other important commodities ...

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Spain. (2006, April 2). Retrieved March 28, 2020, from
"Spain.", 2 Apr. 2006. Web. 28 Mar. 2020. <>
"Spain." April 2, 2006. Accessed March 28, 2020.
"Spain." April 2, 2006. Accessed March 28, 2020.
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Added: 4/2/2006 07:13:19 AM
Category: Geography
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1937
Pages: 8

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