The Hundred Years' War

A Brief Summary

The Hundred Years' War was a series of wars between England and France from 1337-1453. These wars were fought for control over the land which is now France. The Hundred Years' War also led to the decline of feudalism. Feudilism was developed in the Middle Ages as an economic, social, political and military system where land is given in return for loyalty and support. The vassals (person given a fief) go through a ceremony where by he promises an oath to the Lord to fight on his side if need be. Patriotism was not an option because everyone must be loyal to the higher power as opposed to his country. This war had a large affect on all of medieval Europe but the ...

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What was it?

The Hundred Years' War was a long struggle between England and France over succession to the French throne. It lasted from 1337 to 1453, so it might more accurately be called the "116 Years' War." The war starts off with several stunning successes on Britain's part, and the English forces dominate France for decades. Then, the struggle see-saws back and forth. In the 1360s, the French are winning. From 1415-1422, the English are winning. After 1415, King Henry V of England revives the campaign and he conquers large portions of France, winning extraordinary political concessions. From 1422 onward, however, the French crown strikes back. The teenage girl Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc), a remarkable young mystic, leads the French troops to reclaim their lands. Here's the brief outline of events, with major battles put in bold red color:

(1337-1360) King Edward the III of England, provoked by French attacks on lands he owns in France, ...

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The Battle of Crécy (the first major engagement of the Hundred Years' War): After the battle of Sluys, Edward III landed in Normandy in July 1346 with about 10,000 men. The French pursued. Edward III decided to halt near Crecy in Normandy and to prepare for battle the next day. However, the French vanguard made contact and started to attack without the benefit of a plan. The French made as many as 15 attacks and the English checked each one in turn mainly because of the English longbowmen. At the end, the French were decimated and the English had a decisive victory.

(1347) The Battle of Calais. After the victory at Crecy, the English forces marched to Calais and began a ...

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The Hundred Years' War. (2014, January 17). Retrieved March 4, 2021, from
"The Hundred Years' War.", 17 Jan. 2014. Web. 4 Mar. 2021. <>
"The Hundred Years' War." January 17, 2014. Accessed March 4, 2021.
"The Hundred Years' War." January 17, 2014. Accessed March 4, 2021.
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Added: 1/17/2014 02:26:24 PM
Submitted By: darshana
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2109
Pages: 8

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