What Is Morality?


Nowadays, in our rapidly changing society, many established principles of action and standards of judgment are inapplicable. Therefore, the principle of morality is necessary for people to guide themselves to resolve the conflicts rationally. Morality is often classed as a respect for manners and customs. The moral action is that which is acceptable to the others, and mainly the majority of our society. Therefore, the task of morality is to clarify the rules and standards which implicit in our common judgments. It provides nothing more than the clarification of what we already know in a more ethical and reasonable way.
The study of moral philosophy is related to the contemporary ...

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for a proper behavior. Toward most of the moral theories, the best known theory to define morality is utilitarianism.
The approach of utilitarianism is that for what is useful is consider to be good, and the ethical value of conduct is determined by the utility of its result. According to the utilitarianism, what makes an action morally worthy is not so much why it is done, but what it is done. Therefore, the term utilitarianism is applied to the objective of moral action is to perform the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
The history of Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism was first introduced by the British theologian William Paley in his Principle of Moral and Political Philosophy (1785) and by the British jurist and philosopher Jeremy Bentham in his Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789). Bentham introduced the utilitarian theory as a foundation of legal and political reforms. He suggests that people must determine which of the ...

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Added: 11/25/2005 04:52:08 AM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1135
Pages: 5

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