Acid Rain 6


Acid rain is a type of precipitation with high acidity caused by the polluted atmosphere. It comes down in different types of precipitation such as: rain, snow. hail, or sleet. Acid rain is gradually wearing down our environment, affecting countries in almost every continent.
One of the main causes of acid rain is sulphur dioxide. Natural sources which gives out these gases are volcanoes, sea spray, rotting vegetation and plankton. However, the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil causes approximately half of the emissions of this gas in the world. When sulphur dioxide reaches the atmosphere, it oxidizes to first form a sulphate ion. It then becomes sulphuric acid as it ...

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it hard for some plants to grow. The presence of nitrogen oxide and nitric oxide also can force trees to grow even though they do not have the necessary nutrients. The trees are sometimes forced to grow during late autumn when it is actually the time for them to prepare for severe winter weather.
One of the direct effects of acid rain is on lakes and the whole aquatic ecosystems. There are several ways the acidic chemicals can enter the lakes. Some exists as dry particles in the air while others enter the lakes as wet particles such as rain, snow, sleet, hail, dew, or fog. The presence of acid and chemicals in the lake causes a sudden change in the pH of the lakes. The aquatic ecosystem has no time to adjust to this sudden change. Also, many aquatic species lay their eggs in the water to hatch and the pH change is dangerous because the acids can cause serious damages in their young. The sulphuric acid in the water also affects the fishes in the lake. Sulphuric acid ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/23/2007 11:02:52 PM
Category: Science & Nature
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 906
Pages: 4

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