Alcohol And Its Effects On Humans



Does alcohol have any effect on human aggression? Americans are very concerned today over violent crime. This is probably because the US violent crime rate has been increasing. A violent crime occurs every sixteen seconds in the U.S. (Adler 1994). According to Pernanen (1991), studies already show that over 50% of the assailants were intoxicated at the time the violent crime was committed. To see if alcohol has any relation to aggression, experiments were performed on a group of people.
In the balance placebo design, half of the participants are told they will receive alcohol and half the participants are told they will not receive alcohol. Within each group, half were given alcohol ...

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does cause aggression. Larger efforts might be obtained if a higher alcohol dose was given. Alcohol influences other social risk taking, moral judgement, sexual interest and nonsocial behaviors (Steele 1985).
References:
Adler J: Kids growing up scared. Newsweek 43-50, 1994 January 10.

Buss AH: The Psychology of Aggression, New York, Wilroy, 1961.

Permanen K: Alcohol in Human Violence. New York, Guilford Press, 1991.

Ross S, Krugman AD, Lycrly SB, Clyde DJ: Drugs and placebas; A model design. Psychol Rep 10: 383-392, 1962.

Steele CM, South wick L: Alcohol and social behaviorism I: The psychology of drunken excess. J Pers Soc Psychol 48: 18-34 1985.


A national survey of students at one hundred forty four-year college campuses across the United States was conducted by a group of doctors. This survey examined the amount of binge drinking by college students and health and behavioral problems associated with drinking (Wechsler 1994).
According to (Wechler ...

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and women’s colleges had lower binge rates than schools that were not traditionally black or were coeducated colleges (Presley 1989-1991).
Binge drinking was the highest in the college age group between 17 and 23 years of age. Within this college age group, (17-23) students younger than the legal drinking age of 21 years had just as high a binge-drinking rate as the 21-23 year olds. There is no relationship between year in school and binging. Rates of binging are almost identical among students-freshmen, sophomores, juniors or seniors (Wechsler 1994).


References:

Baron’s Profiles of American Colleges. Hauppauge, NY: Baron’s Educational Series Inc; 1992.

Hanson DJ, Engs RC, ...

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Added: 7/18/2005 08:14:50 PM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1357
Pages: 5

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