Aristotle


was born in 384BC and lived to 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory.
was born in Stagira in northern Greece, and his father was a court physician to the king of Macedon. As a young man he studied in Plato's Academy in Athens. After Plato's death he left Athens to conduct philosophical and biological research in Asia Minor and Lesbos, and he was then invited by King Philip II of Macedon to tutor his young son, Alexander the Great. Soon after Alexander succeeded his father, consolidated the conquest of ...

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of morality in politics, the theory of political justice, the rule of law, the analysis and evaluation of constitutions, the relevance of ideals to practical politics, the causes and cures of political change and revolution, and the importance of a morally educated citizenry.
He stressed that the ideal citizen and ruler must possess certain virtues, such as wisdom, temperance and courage. And the work as a whole echoes 's dominant theme of moderation.
Politics is an excellent historical source because of the close tie had to the everyday business of government in Athens. It reflects the idealized values of the people and the influence of 's teacher Plato.
The importance of wisdom and justice is also directly parallel the classical Greek ideology.
believed that nature formed politics and the need for city-states (government) formed out of nature. lays the foundations for his political theory in Politics by arguing that the city-state and political rule are "natural."
The ...

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of the household and city-state (1253a1-18). Third, the city-state is naturally prior to the individuals, because individuals cannot perform their natural functions apart from the city-state, since they are not self-sufficient (1253a18-29). However, these three claims are immediately followed by a fourth: the city-state is a creation of human intelligence. "Therefore, everyone naturally has the impulse for such a [political] community, but the person who first established [it] is the cause of very great benefits."
This great benefit may be the laws of the city-state. Aristotle points out that the legal system alone saves them from their own savagery. It's interesting to see that ...

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Added: 2/14/2004 01:07:51 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1560
Pages: 6

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