Australia


is the world's smallest continent and sixth-largest country. With
proportionately more desert land than any other continent, has a low
population density. Lying completely in the Southern Hemisphere, is
bounded by the Indian Ocean on the west and south and by the Pacific Ocean on
the east. These oceans merge on the north in the Arafura Sea between
and Indonesia and New Guinea, and on the south in the Bass Strait. The
coastline length, estimated at 19,200 km (12,000 mi), is remarkably short for so
large an area, a result of the relative lack of indentation. Major inlets other
than the Gulf of CARPENTARIA and the GREAT AUSTRALIAN BIGHT are few.

A self-governing member of the ...

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is unusual among continents. It lacks major relief
features and has a high proportion of dry land. The continent's isolation from
other landmasses accounts for its unique varieties of vegetation and animal life,
and for the existence of a Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) culture among the
Aborigines. Except for Antarctica, Australia was probably the last continent to
be inhabited by humans and the last to be explored and settled by Europeans. It
is the only continent comprising a single nation-state.

Dutch explorers first sighted Australia in the early 17th century. Capt. James
COOK explored the east coast in 1770 and claimed the land for Great Britain. In
1778 the first settlement (SYDNEY) was founded at an excellent harbor on the
southeast coast. British convicts played an important role in the territory's
early history. The discovery of gold and other ores attracted immigrants, but
Australia remained a primarily agricultural country until World War II.

Subsequent ...

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Australia. (2008, December 21). Retrieved December 15, 2017, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Australia/94977
"Australia." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 21 Dec. 2008. Web. 15 Dec. 2017. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Australia/94977>
"Australia." Essayworld.com. December 21, 2008. Accessed December 15, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Australia/94977.
"Australia." Essayworld.com. December 21, 2008. Accessed December 15, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Australia/94977.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/21/2008 03:24:20 PM
Category: Geography
Type: Free Paper
Words: 374
Pages: 2

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