Benito Mussolini


was the fascist dictator of Italy for nearly 20 years. Benito was born at Dovia, a suburb of Predappio, in the northcentral part of Italy. His father, Alessando, was a blacksmith. And his mother, Rosa, was a schoolteacher. As a young man, Mussolini was a Socialist with revolutionary tendencies. He was expelled from 2 schools and later was in trouble with the authorities several times. In 1912 he became editor of the Socialist newspaper Avanti, and in 1914 he started his own Socialist newspaper Il Popolo d’Italia. At this time he wrote a novel, then translated into English as the Cardinal’s Mistress. During World War I he served for nearly 2 years as private in the infantry. ...

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up the Socialist and Communist organizations of the workers. Guided by Mussolini, they aimed to seize power and bring to an end to parliamentary democracy, which they most wanted to.
When the Fascists marched on Rome in 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III decided to hand over the government to them. Mussolini was selected Prime Minister. For three years he was head of a coalition government, but in 1925 he took the powers of government into his own hands. He forbade all political opposition and all criticism in the press, and Mussolini ruled Italy as dictator.

In the early years of his rule Mussolini carried out some useful reforms. He drained marshes and established farms on the reclaimed land. He carried out the electrification of the railways and built fine roads. He established corporations to control all the major industries. His objective, however, soon turned to establishing an Italian Empire abroad. He conquered Ethiopia in 1936, and colonized Libya. He ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/4/2004 09:25:08 AM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 550
Pages: 2

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