Buddhism


1. is a major world religion, founded in northeastern
India and based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is
known as the Buddha, or Enlightened One. Buddhism today is

divided into two major branches known to their respective

followers as Theravada, the Way of the Elders, and Mahayana, the

Great Vehicle.

2. Religion and philosophy (of Buddhism) founded in India in the

6th and 5th cent. B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha.

One of the great Asian religions, it teaches the practice of

Meditation and the observance of moral precepts

3. The basic doctrines include the four noble truths taught by

the Buddha: existence is suffering; the ...

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desire. Nirvana is attainable in life through

moral discipline and the practice of Yoga, leading to the

extinction of all attachment and ignorance.

5. Karma:

Karma is a basic concept common to Buddhism. The doctrine holds

that one's state in this life is the result of physical and

mental actions in past incarnations(lives) and that present

action can determine one's destiny in future incarnations. Karma

is a natural, impersonal law of moral cause and effect; only

those who have attained Nirvana, or liberation from rebirth, can

transcend karma.

6. Dharma:

Buddhism's belief that a person has religious and moral things to

do during his or her lives.

7. Yoga:

Yoga is a general term for spiritual disciplines, followed for

centuries by the followers of Buddhism, to attain higher

liberation from ignorance, suffering, and rebirth.

8. The Buddha (Buddhism's "god", Buddha is the person who

introduced ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/26/2008 10:52:07 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1142
Pages: 5

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