Causes of The Civil War

Causes of The Civil War

It is commonly believed that the Civil War was caused by slavery. The belief goes something like this: the evil Southerners wanted to enslave black people, while the righteous Northerners wanted to free them and give them equal rights, so they went to war over it and the north won. The truth is far more complicated than all that. Certainly the South wanted to protect its “right” to own slaves, though contrary to popular opinion, not all slaves were black, and in certain areas a majority of slaves were either Irish or Indian. The North, meanwhile, generally didn’t care whether or not slavery was ended, and was primarily concerned with the South’s ability to ...

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pressures, principles, and prejudices, fueled by sectional differences and pride, and set into motion by a most unlikely set of political events.” (Harrison)
So far as states rights were concerned, the debate went back most obviously to the presidency of Andrew Jackson, when talk of secession on purely economic terms began. The states felt they had a right to nullify federal laws which were detrimental to their inhabitants, or if that were not acceptable, to secede from the union. No rule had been made against this in the Constitution, and early founding fathers had put an emphasis on the rights and responsibilities of states. Jackson’s presidency also saw telling indications of the strain between the wealthy, landed South and the industrial but largely poorer North. He placed tariffs on products which the South needed as a way of taxing their productivity to provide federal funds. After the dissolution of the banking system, the industrial North became impoverished and ...

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Added: 8/9/2015 04:51:48 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 634
Pages: 3

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