China In The 20th Century


has been going through enormous changes. From
colonialism and imperialism to republicanism, from communism to capitalism, and from
underdevelopment to a country maintaining over 10% economic growth for over ten
years. In this research paper, I will focus on the transition of China from a Communist

command economy to a type of market economy as well as the economic fluctuations

throughout this period.

In 1949 Oct 1, the People’s Republic of China was established. Before 1949,

there was a period of civil war soon after the world war two. The confrontation was

between the Nationalist Komintang led by Chiang Kai Shek and peasant-based

Communist party led by Mao-Zedong, ...

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history of modern China has been essentially one of

weakness, humiliation and failure. This is the atmosphere in which the Communist Party

developed its leadership and early growth. This resulted in strong determination by

chairman Mao to eliminate foreign influence within China, to modernize the country and

envision a strong economy under Communist control. Therefore, a series of radical

reforms were introduced and the social organize was transformed under Communist

control.
2

Economic growth during the first ten years of Mao’s regime was significant.

However, the Great Leap Forward (1958-61) introduced catastrophic changes resulted in

a famine in which some 30 million people may have died. The Cultural Revolution from

1966-76 led to further disruptions and the standard of life worsened. (all these will be talk

in details later) After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, Deng Xiaoping came into power

in 1978. He was in favor of ...

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1952. During this rehabilitation period, output in both industry and

agriculture rose rapidly from the sharply depressed 1949 levels, and hadd been restored to

previous peak levels (Lippit 133).

The period of recovery and rehabilitation was followed by the First Five Year

plan, 1953-1957, during which output continued to rise strongly (110). During this

period of time, heavy industry was stressed by the government. It was the first time

China began to produce large quantities of trucks, merchants ships, tractors and jet

airplanes. By 1957, the gross industrial product increased 2.3 times from that of 1952

level, and industrial output grew at an average rate of 18 ...

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China In The 20th Century. (2005, October 24). Retrieved July 28, 2017, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/China-In-The-20th-Century/35370
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"China In The 20th Century." Essayworld.com. October 24, 2005. Accessed July 28, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/China-In-The-20th-Century/35370.
"China In The 20th Century." Essayworld.com. October 24, 2005. Accessed July 28, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/China-In-The-20th-Century/35370.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/24/2005 04:20:28 AM
Category: World History
Words: 2852
Pages: 11

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