Egyptian Politics: The Fiction Of A Multiparty System



Today CHRLA issues a new report on the restrictions to multiparty democracy in Egypt
In November 1976 the Arab Republic of Egypt officially changed from a single-party to a multiparty system. Since this transition, Egypt has witnessed the formation of 14 new political parties. However, despite this apparent political liberalization, the freedom of forming political parties and political societies in Egypt has been severely restricted by the legal system, both through the official laws and through the practical application of these laws. For example, some constituencies, such as the communists and the Muslim Brotherhood have been expressly forbidden to form political parties and have been ...

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and has blocked access to free participation in public affairs.
The multiparty system in Egypt is essentially one of party formation from the top. This type of polity is one in which a strong executive authority directly determines the parameters of multiparty activity in political society. For example, the Egyptian government can refuse to license a new political party if it violates any one of the following general principles: preserving national unity, safeguarding the social peace, adhering to the Constitution, defending the 'socialist gains,' or protecting the 'alliance of the working class.' This type of top-down polity is a direct outgrowth of the authoritarian traditions of the 1952 Revolution and the Arab Socialist Union.
This system of party formation from the top has resulted in a party framework that is more indicative of authoritarian bureaucracy than the diverse political desires of the Egyptian people. The means by which the existing parties were formed is reflective ...

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system has rendered the 1976 transition devoid of any significant political meaning.

This report aims to study the obstacles to the formation and functioning of political parties and political societies in Egypt. CHRLA considers that the right to form and operate political parties and political societies along with freedom of expression, this right is a basic constitutional right which is at the core of any truly democratic system.

The following are some of the legal obstacles that this report will examine:

First, the Law on Political Parties has established the Political Parties Committee,a committee which allows the NDP to control party formation and party activity (such as ...

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"Egyptian Politics: The Fiction Of A Multiparty System." Essayworld.com. October 12, 2008. Accessed April 26, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Egyptian-Politics-The-Fiction-Multiparty-System/91323.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/12/2008 11:05:13 AM
Category: Government
Words: 2035
Pages: 8

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