Gothic and Romanesque Architecture

Gothic and Romanesque Architecture

Represented primarily through cathedrals, Romanesque and Gothic styles of architecture were some of the few symbols of civilization in the poverty stricken and often depressing Middle Ages. These cathedrals represented faith, dedication, and cooperation; a sane place in a world of anarchy. The main shift of the Gothic era occurred from the older, heavier style of Romanesque architecture, based on a solid stone vault, to the lighter, elevated Gothic style based on both the Romanesque and Islamic use of the pointed arch and cross-ribbed vault. This shift coincided with widespread rebuilding of many older Romanesque cathedrals which had been destroyed ...

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thus divides the area to be vaulted into squares known as bays. Rediscovered by Romanesque architects, this type of vault became the basis for a more complex and varied type of vault construction in the Middle Ages.
Romanesque and Gothic architecture, although having many similarities, also have many differences. This may be due to the fact that lifestyles changed in the time between these two eras of architecture. Romanesque architecture was designed to be more for protective purposes than for any aesthetic quality. The walls of Romanesque cathedrals were built very thickly, so as not to be destroyed by invaders. Gothic, on the other hand, had thinner walls and worked towards a more artistic approach. Gothic cathedrals have many more buttresses than Romanesque cathedrals. Gothic cathedrals were also designed with statues and sculptures on them such as the gargoyle, which also served as a rain spout. Romanesque cathedrals had few windows, as the walls of the cathedrals were ...

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Gothic and Romanesque Architecture. (2011, May 19). Retrieved November 14, 2019, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Gothic-and-Romanesque-Architecture/99282
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"Gothic and Romanesque Architecture." Essayworld.com. May 19, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Gothic-and-Romanesque-Architecture/99282.
"Gothic and Romanesque Architecture." Essayworld.com. May 19, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Gothic-and-Romanesque-Architecture/99282.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/19/2011 10:07:07 AM
Submitted By: nomad63
Category: Architecture
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 519
Pages: 2

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