Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?

Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?


What happens when global institutions try to assist community conservation in some of the world's least industrialised areas? Among the `cutting edge' projects grant-aided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF, a World Bank-hosted fund for `global environmental benefits') are `CAMPFIRE' - the Communal Areas Management Programme For Indigenous Resources - in Zimbabwe, and `India Ecodevelopment'. Both are intended to combine protection of biodiverse wildlife with participatory rural development for impoverished local communities. We explore the `ground truths' of these projects in their historical and political ...

Want to read the rest of this paper?
Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay
and over 50,000 other term papers

the GEF is an innovative multilateral aid fund to channel `incremental' finance for `global environmental benefits', i.e. to pay the extra costs of making aid projects compatible with treaties on climate change and biodiversity, `thereby... contributing to sustainable development' (GEF, 1994).

This formal language is spoken in global institutions and at international fora: far away from most of the people and places invoked in the World Bank's publications. To implement global values in local situations, environmental professionals might be expected to bridge this geographical, cultural and socio-economic gap. Yet civil servants, academics and NGOs are unelected groups taking public money for projects and consultancy. Is this elite international community able to bring global governance and grassroots realities together both fairly and effectively?

Even before Blaikie and Brookfield introduced the field to a wider audience, studies of interventions in `political ecology' ...

Get instant access to over 50,000 essays.
Write better papers. Get better grades.

Already a member? Login

in differing ways, these projects both aim to combine decentralised rural development with community participation in the management of globally valued natural resources. Yet echoing Neumann (1995) in the context of Tanzania, these links are shaped - often unbalanced - by differing access to power and resources, also the ethnicity and geographical position of the peoples involved.

Even the process of writing this paper shows up some of the differences. Two students at the University of Hull's Department of Geography originally drafted this paper: a British PhD student, Zoe Young, examined `India Ecodevelopment' in Nagarhole, South India, and a Zimbabwean Masters student, George Makoni, ...

Succeed in your coursework without stepping into a library.
Get access to a growing library of notes, book reports,
and research papers in 2 minutes or less.


Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?. (2013, May 18). Retrieved May 22, 2019, from
"Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?.", 18 May. 2013. Web. 22 May. 2019. <>
"Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?." May 18, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2019.
"Green Aid in India and Zimbabwe - Conserving Whose Community?." May 18, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2019.
Join today and get instant access to this and 50,000+ other essays

Added: 5/18/2013 10:43:56 AM
Submitted By: ewt42t2t
Category: Economics
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 9838
Pages: 36

Save | Report


Save and find your favorite essays easier

India and How Religion has Resu...
Population Control in China and...
The Role Of Women In India And ...
Global Warming In India
Animal Life In India
Shopping Complexes In India To ...
Religious Freedom In India
Religion In Ancient India And R...
Personal Writing: My New Life I...
Political Economy Of The Ancien...
Copyright | Cancel | Contact Us

Copyright © 2019 Essayworld. All rights reserved