History Of The Cheyenne Indians

Cheyenne Indian History Cheyenne (from the Sioux name Sha-hi'yena, Shai-ena, or (Teton) Shai-ela, 'people of alien speech,' from sha'ia, 'to speak a strange language'). An important Plains tribe of the great Algonquian family. They call themselves Dzi'tsiistäs, apparently nearly equivalent to 'people alike,' i.e. 'our people' from itsistau. 'alike' or 'like this' (animate); (ehista, 'he is from, or of, the same kind'--Peter); by a slight change of accent it might also mean 'gashed ones', or possibly 'tall people.' The tribal form as here given is the third person plural.

The popular name has no connection with the French chien, 'dog,' as has sometimes erroneously been supposed. In ...

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year 1700, seems to have been that part of Minnesota bounded roughly by the Mississippi, Minnesota, and upper Red rivers. The Sioux, living at that period more immediately on the Mississippi, to the east and southeast, came in contact with the French as early as 1667, but the Cheyenne are first mentioned in 1680, under the name of Chaa, when a party of that tribe, described as living on the head of the great river, i. e., the Mississippi, visited La Salle's fort on Illinois river to invite the French to come to their country, which they represented as abounding in beaver and other fur animals. The veteran Sioux missionary, Williamson, says that according to concurrent and reliable Sioux tradition the Cheyenne preceded the Sioux in the occupancy of the upper Mississippi region, and were found by them already established on the Minnesota.

At a later period they moved over to the Cheyenne branch of Red river, North Dakota, which thus acquired its name, being known to the Sioux as ...

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agriculture, and made pottery, but lost these arts on being driven out into the plains to become roving buffalo hunters.

On the Missouri, and perhaps also farther east, they occupied earth-covered log houses. Grinnell states that some Cheyenne had cultivated fields on Little Missouri river as late as 1850. This was probably a recent settlement, as they are not mentioned in that locality by Lewis and Clark. At least one man among them still understands the art of making beads and figurines from pounded glass, as formerly practiced by the Mandan.

In a sacred tradition recited only by the priestly keeper, they still tell how they "lost the corn" after leaving the eastern ...

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Added: 5/9/2017 03:38:07 PM
Submitted By: mackenzie
Category: American History
Words: 2045
Pages: 8

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