Immigration And Its Effect On The Economy Of The U.S



The 1990s have brought the largest influx of immigrants into labor force of the
United States of any decade in this nation's history. A panel of social science
scholars concluded their assessment of U.S. society with the observation that
"America's biggest import is people" and determined that "at a time when
attention is directed to the general decline in American exceptionalism,
American immigration continues to flow at a rate unknown elsewhere in the world"
[Oxford Analytica 1986, 20]. Unlike earlier mass immigration periods to the
United States the present day wave of immigration to the U.S. show "no sign of
imminent decline" [Bouvier 1991, 18]. "In today's world setting, ...

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demand for labor is being
affected by "restructuring forces stemming from the nature and pace of
technological change; from the stiff international competition the United States
that now confronts for the first time in its history; from major shifts in
consumer spending away from goods toward services; and from the substantial
reduction

In the national defense expenditures brought about by the end of the Cold War in
the early 1990's". (vernon m. briggs,jr. and stephen moore. pg 35.) In looking
toward the future the twenty occupations projected to grow the fastest in the
1990s, half are related to the growing computer and health fields. The shift to
a service based economy is leading to an upgrading of the skills and education
required by the labor force. On the other hand the occupations that require
minimal skills and education have declined and are presently forecasted to
continue to do so. Immigration can be useful in the short run as a means of
providing qualified workers ...

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in 1994 was 13 percent; for those with some high school but no diploma,
it was 15.2 percent. The comparable rates for native-born workers were 13.5
percent and 29.9 percent." Consequently, the greatest labor market impact of
immigration is in the sector of the labor market that is already having the
greatest difficulty finding employment. "The 1990 Census also disclosed that
79.1 percent of the foreign-born population (five years old and over) speak a
language other than English (compared to 7.8 percent of the native-born) and
that 47.0 percent of the foreign-born (five years and over) reported that they
do not speak English very well.( )" The ability to speak English in ...

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"Immigration And Its Effect On The Economy Of The U.S." Essayworld.com. February 10, 2004. Accessed July 19, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Immigration-Its-Effect-Economy-U-S/2868.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/10/2004 08:14:31 PM
Category: Economics
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1578
Pages: 6

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