Inclusion Of Handicapped Students In Public Education And Politics



In 1975, the Handicapped Act and subsequent law would forever change the public education system. Handicapped children would be included in mainstream public school life beginning in the elementary level. Inclusion meant that handicapped children would no longer be isolated. The question has long been asked why it took an additional eleven years after the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 for handicapped children to reach the goal of integration. Finn (1996) and Pelka (1996) state that the answer lies in the fact that up until the 1970s, handicapped people were not seen in public. They were considered a representation of bad genes in a family, and therefore, most were hidden ...

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There were no toys in the rooms, the children were neglected day after day, and most died at a very young age, much to the relief of their families.
These newscasts also told of other horror stories. Finn (1996) writes that children were abused, burned and beaten by institutional caretakers, but the alternative was perhaps even worse. Horror stories emerged about handicapped children being locked up in attics and cellars by their families, neglected and without food; the families were just waiting for the children to die. An additional problem was that most of the parents of these children could not afford to provide any other type of care for them, and again, the idea that the handicapped should be hidden was very strong. Finn (1996) reports that the public school system barred any child with an IQ lower than 36 from public education. Finn (1996) reports that after the abuse and neglect came into the public light, the federal government under Lyndon Johnson hoped that the ...

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portion of the ADA refers to specific forms of educational access to materials and instruction in the regular classroom for all handicapped school children. Prior to the passing of these laws, schools who had admitted handicapped children placed them in special education classes excluding them from the social environment enjoyed by other students, the same as the old idea that the handicapped should still be hidden and isolated from typical classrooms. Pelka (1996) writes: “Prior to the disability-rights movement, efforts to help the disabled focused on their rehabilitation or cure.” Disability rights activists realized that society's reaction to disability was every bit as ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/12/2008 10:04:58 PM
Category: Education
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2084
Pages: 8

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