Martin Luther King Jr


Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the oldest son of Martin Luther King Sr., a Baptist minister, and Alberta Williams King. His father was a pastor at an immense Atlanta church, The Ebenezer Baptist church, which had been founded by .’s maternal grandfather. King Jr. was an ordained Baptist minister at the age of 18. King attended the local segregated public schools, where he excelled. He attended nearby Morehouse College at age 15 and earned his bachelor’s degree when he graduated. When he graduated with honors from, Crozer Seminary located in Pennsylvania in 1951, he went to Boston University where he earned a doctoral degree in systematic theology in 1955. ...

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and discussions. Throughout his education, King was exposed to influences that related Christians theology to the struggles of oppressed peoples. At Morehouse, Crozer, and Boston University, he studied the teachings on the nonviolent protests of Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi. King also read and heard the sermons of white ministers who protested against American racism. All of these things were especially important in shaping King’s theological development. While in Boston, King met Coretta Scott, a music student and native of Alabama. They were married in 1953 and would have four children. In 1954 King accepted his first pastoring job at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, a church in Montgomery, Alabama, a church with a well educated congregation that had recently been led by a minister who had protested against racism and segregation.
THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT
In Montgomery’s black community there were longstanding grievances about the mistreatment of blacks on city ...

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against black protesters, including the bombing of King’s home, focused media attention on Montgomery. In February 1956 an attorney for the MIA filed a lawsuit in federal seeking an injunction against Montgomery’s segregated seating practices. The federal court ruled in favor of the MIA, ordering the city buses to be desegregated.

CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERSHIP

In 1957 King helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization of black church and ministers that aimed to challenge racial segregation. The SCLC protested discrimination through marches, demonstrations, and boycotts. King made strategic alliances with northern whites that would improve his success at ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 6/13/2005 11:11:57 PM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1971
Pages: 8

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