Oil Pollution And Its Effect On Wildlife



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INTRODUCTION:
Contamination of the oceans by oil spillage is not a rare occurrence.
It is happening all over the world every day, fouling coastlines,
killing animals and destroying fisheries.

BODY:
In 1987, more than 3.5 million tons of oil were released into the
oceans around the world. Out of that only 28 percent of the spillage
was accidental; the remaining 72 percent was deliberate, illegal
actions.

The sources of oil spillage were:
Washing tanks at sea:
A lot of the illegal pollution is caused by cleaning of
oil tanks at sea. After they are cleaned the tankers then
dump the polluted water, mixed with all the oil residue,
...

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spilling of million of tons of oil. Big oil spills, no matter
what way they occur, reflect on the oil industry badly.
The clean©up cost alone is enormous, and the amount of damages can
be into the millions of dollars. Despite the clean©up efforts,
once there is an oil spill, it cannot be prevented from causing
major damage to wildlife and the environment.

EFFECT ON WILDLIFE:
All the migrating seabirds like guillemots, puffins, and razorbills are
at risk from oil pollution. During migration, they look for calm water
where they rest and fish. Oil©covered seas look calm to birds, and they
land on the water by thousands, only to be trapped in the oil and die of
starvation. The birds that don't become trapped usually die as well from
trying to remove the oil from their feathers, the birds ingest the oil and
that usually kills them in a few days. The oil that washes to shore on the
beaches where seals and sea lion breed harm these ...

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Oil Pollution And Its Effect On Wildlife. (2005, February 10). Retrieved February 27, 2020, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Oil-Pollution-And-Its-Effect-Wildlife/22032
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/10/2005 02:58:33 PM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 670
Pages: 3

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