Phonology And The Dutch Stress


Dutch is described as being a quantity-sensitive trochaic system, operating from left to right with extrametricality. In the following essay I will gice the arguments and data that point towards this system. I will also analyse in which way exceptions are being taken care of within this system. The metrical analysis will be based on work by Trommelen & Zonneveld. These authors adopt an onset-rhyme organisation of syllable structure.
We can make three major generalisations about stress when analysing Dutch:
Firstly, main stress always falls within a three-syllable-window at the right word edge: this indicates that the main stress always falls on one of the last three syllables. This can ...

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stress (third syllable from right side of the word) only occurs in words with an open syllable next to it (an open penultimate syllable). Therefore, the Dutch stress system depends on the character of the second to last (penultimate) syllable.
Data: ANT PEN FIN
-VV-VV Pánama pyjáma chocolá
-VV-VC báriton célebes pelotón
-VC-VV agénda frikandéau
-VC-VC Gibráltar bombardón
-ViVj-VV andíjvie

Thirdly, schwa syllables ae never stressed:
Data: a) –CVX-C@(C) b) -CVV-@(C )
móde, saláde, mir ákel, Azië, Bélgië, térriër,
lénte, septémber Índië

This is called the schwa-syllable restriction. Primary stress falls directly for a schwa syllable if schwa is immediately preceded by a consonant.

We can, however also make minor generalisations within the bounds of major generalisations. These minor generalisations reflect the predominant stress patterns, and allow for exceptions. These exceptions stand for the recessive stress patterns ...

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are not extrametrical.

Quantity sensitivity:
In languages where the parameter ‘Quantity sensitivity’ is active, stress rules take into account the internal strucure of a rhyme. Quantity sensitive languages usually contrast syllables with long and short vowels and, optionally open and closed vowels. Because Dutch vowels are obligatorily long in open syllables, vowel length does not correspond to weight.
Dutch rhymes consist, in their most minimal form of either
a) a long vowel (VV), which forms an open (light) syllable
b) a short (lax) vowel followed by a coda consonant (VC) which forms a closed, heavy syllable.
c) a rhyme consisting of a diphtong, which makes the ...

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Phonology And The Dutch Stress. (2005, April 29). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Phonology-And-The-Dutch-Stress/26133
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Added: 4/29/2005 11:28:46 PM
Category: Miscellaneous
Words: 1433
Pages: 6

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