Political Parties

Government policy is made by elected officials who are members of . In the United States most elected officials are members of either the Democratic or Republican party, though occasionally members of smaller parties are also elected.
are organizations that wish to achieve control of the process of government. They differ from interest groups that only want to have an influence on government policy through lobbying or education of the public A party gains control of government by getting more of its candidates elected to office than its opposition parties do. In Great Britain, for example, more Conservative party candidates won representation in Parliament in the elections of April 1992 ...

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and North America in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, when elected legislatures became a dominant force in government.
In the earliest decades in which existed, their memberships were quite small. In the United States and England, for example, most citizens were not allowed to vote. Party membership, therefore, consisted mainly of landowners, members of the nobility, factory owners, merchants, and other wealthy individuals By the third decade of the 19th century in the United States, and somewhat later in Europe, the right to vote was extended to include most white males. When more people could vote, party memberships increased. By the middle of the 20th century, after women had gained the right to vote in most nations, became more dependent upon mass support.
In the 20th century have spread throughout the world, largely in imitation of Europe and North America. Large parties have arisen throughout Africa. Many of these have a base of support in ethnic or tribal groups. In ...

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policymaker. This cannot happen in the United States because of the constitutional separation of powers. A president cannot serve in Congress while in office. It is therefore possible for the presidency and the Congress to be controlled by different parties, a situation that cannot occur in Britain. This control of the Congress by one party and the presidency by another has generally been the rule instead of the exception since World War II. The disadvantage of the American system is the deadlock that can develop between the president and the Congress over policy when each is in the control of a different party. s

Historical background.

Electoral politics in the United States has been ...

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Political Parties. (2004, November 15). Retrieved January 23, 2019, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Political-Parties/17511
"Political Parties." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 15 Nov. 2004. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Political-Parties/17511>
"Political Parties." Essayworld.com. November 15, 2004. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Political-Parties/17511.
"Political Parties." Essayworld.com. November 15, 2004. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Political-Parties/17511.
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Added: 11/15/2004 01:49:54 AM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2039
Pages: 8

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